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Botanical Collection

The park is home to over a million plants that brush up against the open spaces of surrounding streets, squares, and embankments. The botanical variety of the park reflects Russia’s natural diversity, recreating four landscapes: steppe, forests, meadows and northern landscapes.
Botanical calendar
  • Decade 1
  • Decade 2
  • Decade 3
 Summer Decline
Summer Decline
The 2nd of August is the celebration day of St. Elijah the Prophet. In the Slavic folklore, this mighty Saint was considered as a lord of thunders, heavenly fire, rain, and the patron of fertility. On Elijah’s Day, summer turns to autumn. Leaves begin to fall from trees, and the morning dawns become cold. It no longer feels like summer. The fragrance of herbs and flowers is not as strong and rich, but aquatic plants, such as rush flower, will delight the eye with its blossom until the end of August.
1.08 – 10.08
August Berries
August Berries
The crowns of shrubs and trees become covered with golden and purple-red leaves. Red berries ripen in forests, raspberries in gardens, and nectar-berries in our Park. In the meadows, herbs started re-flowering, such as yarrow, chicory, geranium, clover.  In the steppe, the Pontic Wormwood emits its dust. In gardens, people harvest early-ripening varieties of apples. Winter wheat crops are sown in fields.
11.08 – 20.08
Apple Savior Feast
Apple Savior Feast
On 19th August, the Apple Savior Feast day, it was customary to pick the first apples of the year. People believed that the Apple Savior Feast day marked the imminent arrival of autumn. Along with the Honey and Nut Savior days, the Apple Savior day is one of three holidays of August, dedicated to harvesting. In September, plants start to prepare for hibernation. It is a long physiological process, which occurs in them under the influence of phytohormones, responsive to the length of daylight.
19.08 – 31.08
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