The park is home to over a million plants that brush up against the open spaces of surrounding streets, squares, and embankments. The botanical variety of the park reflects Russia’s natural diversity, recreating four landscapes: steppe, forests, meadows and northern landscapes.
During this time, plants are preparing for winter. Trees and shrubs are almost completely defoliated. In early October, gardeners cut the faded branches, gather leaves and tuck them under trees and bushes to insulate them for winter and to nourish the plant roots. The folk calendar starts October with the migration of cranes. In the first days of the month, cranes fly away. Afterwards, the early frosts come in.
5.10 – 10.10
In mid-October, when nature is preparing for the winter sleep, in gardens, people harvest pears, apples, grapes, carrots, beets and cabbages. Gardeners are arranging their gardens for winter: they collect fallen leaves and fruit drops. Following the folk calendar, the Eastern Slavs celebrated 14th October as the Cover Day – or the time when the first snow covered the ground. This day marked the transition between autumn and winter, the start of the autumn wedding season. On the Cover Day, people usually started heating stoves for warmth at home, and cattle stopped grazing.
11.10 – 16.10
At the end of the month, leaves fall off quickly. Long rains begin; the ground becomes damp and dirty. Thus, the popular Russian name of the month used to be Gryaznik (or dirty month). On October 17th, the Slavic folklore celebrated Erofey, or the day when people did not go to the woods, being afraid to meet the forest devil. It was thought that just before winter, the forest devils became violent, scared the animals, broke trees, and dragged hapless travelers underground. As people say, “Erofey marks stronger cold”.