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Botanical Collection

The park is home to over a million plants that brush up against the open spaces of surrounding streets, squares, and embankments. The botanical variety of the park reflects Russia’s natural diversity, recreating four landscapes: steppe, forests, meadows and northern landscapes.
Botanical calendar
  • Decade 1
  • Decade 2
  • Decade 3
Meltwater
Meltwater
In this period, the soil is well impregnated with melt water – it is almost ready to put forth the first shoots, and branches will become covered with buds soon. However, alders and willows start to bloom before leaves appear on trees and shrubs in thawed patches of the forest. Different migratory birds return from southern regions – larks, finches, cranes, and wagtails. Cold resistant insects wake up – bees, gnat, mosquitoes, ants, tortoise butterflies.
8.04
Spring Revival
Spring Revival
The hazel blooming marks the phenological start of the spring. The weather in the forest is frequently cloudy, calm and warm in this period. The ice on ponds and streams melts away. The soil becomes dry. One can hear grassy frogs croaking in ponds. Earthworms come out of hibernation.
11.04 – 20.04
Zaryadye Plants Covered with Leaves
Zaryadye Plants Covered with Leaves
During this active period of trees becoming covered with leaves. Birch trees put forth catkins. At the end of April, life is awakening in parks and gardens – insects come to live and insectivorous birds follow them. The choir singing continues until late at night. Birds start building nests and laying eggs.
23.04 – 30.04
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