Dear guests! On 19 November Time Machine, Florarium and Underground Museum are closed due to planned maintenance work. Florarium will also be unavailable on 20 November. Accept our apologies for any inconvenience.
The park is home to over a million plants that brush up against the open spaces of surrounding streets, squares, and embankments. The botanical variety of the park reflects Russia’s natural diversity, recreating four landscapes: steppe, forests, meadows and northern landscapes.
In the first days of November, gardeners, armed with gloves and rakes, collect the fallen leaves and place them around fruit trees and shrubs, like a warm blanket. If leaves are left on the lawn, they will “burn” the grass under the snow like a hot compress. On the other hand, they can protect the roots of trees from winter cold. In this period, you can see flocks of bullfinches, redpolls and crossbills in parks. Zaryadye still offers them a lot of berries and fruits on mountain-ash trees, viburnums, sweet briar shrubs and Siberian Apple trees.
12th November on the folklore calendar is The Titmouse day. It is time to see wintering birds and hang the feeders. Most birds like eating grains, seeds, oatmeal, rice, buckwheat and wheat. Titmice can be fed pieces of fresh unsalted bacon, frozen butter and meat. Brown bread, however, is dangerous for birds. Interestingly, the first laws for the protection of birds adopted back in the Middle Ages was about titmice. Ludwig of Bavaria issued a decree in 1328 promising severe punishment for capturing titmice.
11.11 – 20.11
Time of Freezing
The time when ponds are covered with ice is called Ledostav in Russian (“time of freezing”). In the old days, for storage of salted cucumbers until spring, peasants put the barrels under water before the river is covered with ice. Water does not freeze under the ice in winter, and the temperature does not drop below +4 degrees Centigrade (39 Fahrenheit). The conditions for food storage are ideal. In this period, the plants in the Park are already in a state of deep hibernation, their metabolism is slow, the visible growth is stopped, and nature is gaining strength.