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Zaryadye Park – the new symbol of Moscow

Zaryadye Park – the new symbol of Moscow
Zaryadye is the first park built within the Boulevard Ring, a new cultural attraction and key link in the network of central Moscow pedestrian zones. This is the place for a dialog about the history, the natural heritage of Russia, about science, art, the future of Moscow and the country as a whole. The park is open to new people, ideas and technologies, and it appreciates the interest for knowledge and innovations.

Zaryadye was established to be a flagship park of the country, to set a standard of public spaces and parks in the country.
In 2012 Vladimir Putin proposed the construction of a state-of-the art park with extensive infrastructure in place of the former Rossiya Hotel. In 2013 an international competition of landscape and architectural design concepts for the Zaryadye park zone was held. The winning proposal was submitted by an international consortium including architects from the New York firm Diller Scofidio + Renfro.

Building in the historic and cultural center of the capital required a lot of careful consideration and cautious attitude towards the nearby objects of cultural heritage, delivery of the construction materials by maritime transport via the Moskva River, roadblocks (Moskvoretskaya Embankment) while developing the infrastructure. Today all the construction work within the park zone the pavilions are finished. In 2018 a multifunctional Concert hall will start operating. Meanwhile the park was built in a record time.

Specialists from USA, Germany, Denmark, Italy, United Kingdom, and Russia took part in the creation of the park. The project united landscape architects, urban, transport, park management, botany, dendrology experts, soil scientists and ecological engineers.

Why is Zaryadye special?

Unlike other parks in Moscow with vast territories that allow organization of recreational activities, Zaryadye has a number of characteristics that form its uniqueness: relatively small territory, multiple levels, botanical collection that shows the natural diversity of Russia, media complexes that do not have analogues in the city, wide specter of scientific-educational programs.

The objects of cultural heritage of the park and the territories around coexist with innovative architecture – the River Outlook, the Glass Crust, the Concert hall. Despite its novelty and technological advancement Zaryadye is an island of peace and quite created so guests could spend time with nature in the center of a megapolis.

The pavilions of the park are covered by its landscape. Invisible architecture and exploitable roofing of the objects open exciting viewing points for the visitors as well as create a rich entertainment and educational infrastructure in the park.

The absence of fencing, edging and other blocking obstacles in the park is the base of the barrier-free environment. The pedestrian connections of Zaryadye and the city were planned in such a way that they provide absolute accessibility for all categories of citizens including the elderly and physically challenged guests.

When planting the botanical collection light soil blends developed by the leading plant growers and breeders of the country were used. Specially created mixtures lowered the pressure applied on the concrete constructions.

Zaryadye is the only park in Russia that is fully operated by an automatic drip irrigation system, drainage systems of collecting rainwater, vacuum debris removal system.

Every sector of the park has its own lightening regimes supporting the natural asymmetry of the landscape. Controlling the lightening using technologies that take into account seasonal factors and the time of the day minimizes energy losses.

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Landscape

The green space of the park is divided into four landscape zones: forest (mixed, coniferous, coastal, birch grove), steppe, meadow, northern landscapes.

Every zone is characterized by the specific structure of the soil blends and the unique botanical collection that consists of plants brought from different parts of Russia. There are 760 trees, 7 000 shrubs, 860 thousand perennials and 150 thousand annual plants.

Rare and unique plants include dwarf pines, dwarf birches, spear grass, arctic raspberry, various willows. The botanical collection of the park includes plants from the Moscow Red List: thyme, Solomon’s seal, lily of the valley, amethyst sea holly, globeflower, maiden pink.

The picturesque composition of the park’s landscape looks different from every angle of every route.

The route from the Media Center to the Nature Center

Opposite the exit of the Media Center grows the mixed forest, to the right there is the birch grove formed by the white tree trunks and grasses which will become more noticeable once they grow a little more (they were just recently planted). When the birches grow the lower part of the branches will clear out and the white trunks will become even more outstanding. The materials used when planting the birches were produced in Perm Krai, Russia.

To the left of the Media Center when walking towards the Nature Center on top of the hill lies the northern landscape zone introduced by the plants of the tundra – the perennials, mosses, shrubs, and dwarf trees that bloom from spring to autumn. Above the Nature Center grow various types of sedges, kingcups, dwarf willows and pines, juniper as well as the most well-known representative of the northern lands dwarf birches.

The route from the Nature Center to the Large Amphitheater under the Glass Crust.

When walking from the Nature Center to the River Outlook you will pass the large meadow zone. Here you will see walking paths and relaxation spots, high grasses (cat grass, fescue) and flowers (chamomiles, oxeye daisies, bellflowers, white clovers). Next to the meadow lies the birch forest and the steppe. On the roof of the Nature Center you will see the wet tundra. This zone of the park is represented by the shrub willows, dwarf birches, dwarf pines and arctic raspberry.

The landscape under the Glass Crust

The Glass Crust creates its own microclimate and because of that the temperature on top of the hill is higher than outside. It hides the located under it Large Amphitheater from bad weather and lets us grow warmth-loving plants. It is a so-called mountain flora of the Northern Caucasus which includes evergreen, deciduous, junipers, small coniferous trees and shrubs, elders, smoke bushes.

The route from the River Outlook to cafe Zaryadye 

To the right of the River Outlook the steppe is located. There are some steppe areas to the south from Moscow although creating a steppe in the center of Moscow was not an easy task. It needs chermozem which in Moscow we do not have. That is why the first decision we made was to use loam soil with crushed stone added to achieve the reaction and drainage necessary for the growth of the steppe plants.

Under the River Outlook – the renewed Moskva River Embankment. The lower embankment became a part of the city program which ensures that the territories around the Moskva River will be included into the public spaces of the city. Here there are relaxation zones by the water, cafe, a souvenir shop and sightseeing boats station.

To the south of the cafe the Voskhod restaurant is located. To the right of it lies the coniferous forest zone which is represented by mostly pines and spruces.

In the southern part of the park next to the Moskva river embankment we have created the coastal landscape. Here you will see lindens, maples and oaks that used to grow on this territory 80 years ago. In the ponds of the park you will find water and coastal plants from the waterbody near Moscow. The soils around create an image of wet meadows. The coastal forest consists of several main species – willows, hackberries and guelder-roses.

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Main Zaryadye objects

Next to the park entrance from the Vasilevskiy spusk the information pavilion Dome is located. The construction of the park started with this object. Inside the pavilion there are countless QR-codes that bare the information about the history of Zaryadye, the construction of the park. Anybody can get access through special software and tablets that are given out at the entrance.

The Media Center is the main pavilion with the most attraction points located here. The
area of the object is 8 500 square meters.

Its structure includes:

• Interactive terminals “Moscow now” (5 near the entrance to the Media Center, 19 overall in the park)
• Media complex “Soaring”
• Media complex “Time Machine”
• Flagship tourist information center
• Exhibition hall
• Souvenir shop
• Cafe

In the Media Center all the necessary infrastructure is present: spacious halls, the cloak room, mother and baby room. In the underground section there is a parking for 430 cars and spots for the disabled. The parking also has the facilities to accommodate tourist buses. 16 elevators lead from the parking to the pavilions of the park. Interactive terminals next to the entrance to the Media Center will help you plan your visit to the park: will inform about its specialties, history of its creation and the botanical collection, will acquaint the guests with the program of the park on the day of their visit, and will share some interesting facts about the history of Moscow and the Zaryadye region. Soon the visitors will be able to buy tickets to various events in the park through the terminals. In the center of the hall the tourist information desk is located. The administrators will consult all visitors on what to do in the park, help them buy tickets to the events they are interested in. Above the tourist center we have set up 12 screens which feature information on the upcoming events, show “Soaring” and “Time Machine” sessions. On the screens you will also see some short films about the park, tips for tourists and other useful information.

“Soaring” media complex is a unique cinema hall with a 13-meter parabolic screen, dynamic platform and moving seats (39 seats) where the spectators can see the “Flight over Moscow” film. The massive screen, comfortable seats, wind, smoke and smell-generators create an exciting and memorable experience and a real feeling of flying. The duration of the film is 8 minutes.

There is one more multimedia object in the park – “Time Machine”. This is the first digital cinema hall in Russia with a 5-meter circumferential panoramic (360 degrees) screen, multi-band sound and an interactive floor. The complex is equipped with 33 projectors and 32-channel surround sound system. The spectators will not have to seat down – they will become participants of the action around them and will find out about the history of Moscow: from ancient time till our days. We invite you to travel through time and see how Moscow emerged and developed, how the Kremlin and white-stone walls of Kitai-Gorod, metro and high-rise buildings were built, how Zaryadye has been changing with the passing centuries.

These unique projects were created by specialists from such well-known companies as "Dynamic Attractions" (Canada) and "KRAFTWERK" (Austria), which have developed the most exciting attractions in the leading parks in the world. The film for the “Soaring” media complex was shot by the First TV channel studio and “Red Square” media holding.

The exhibition hall is a multifunctional space with contemporary multimedia equipment on the lower ground of the Media Center. The first exhibition was opened in Zaryadye on September 29th and is devoted to one of the farthest and least known about regions of our planet – the Arctic. Here you can see unique showpieces – household items, equipment from the expeditions to the Arctic, a yaranga (traditional housing of the inhabitants of the North) and an unusual natural phenomenon – the northern lights. On a holographic multimedia 2.5-meter screen a projection of a night sky with polar lights of different colors was created. Next to it there are video materials explaining the nature of this phenomenon. The ‘Russian Arctic’ project was created in association with “ROSIZO”, Russian Geographical Society, Russian Museum of Ethnography, Russian State Arctic and Antarctic Museum, State Archive of the Russian Federation, Russian State Film and Photo Archive, Russian State Navy Archive, philatelist and deltiology unions.

The second largest pavilion of the park is the Nature Center. Its area is 3 300 square meters.

Its structure includes:

• The Ice Cave
• Florarium
• Scientific-educational Nature Center
• Cafe
• Bar
• Souvenir shop

To the left from the central entrance to the pavilion the Ice Cave – negative temperature zone – is located. Its area is 1000 square meters. The unusual installation with a labyrinth, arches and pillars lets the visitors dive into the atmosphere of the Far North.

The temperature in the Ice Cave is below 5 degrees and the objects inside are covered with ice and illuminated with light-emitting diodes. Approximately 70 tons of water were frozen to create this icehouse. In summer warm blankets will be given out at the entrance so the guests of the Ice Cave wouldn’t get cold and cold sty inside for as long as they’d like. 130 people will be able to visit the attraction in one hour. The author of the project is Aleksandr Ponomarev, a famous artist, the Antarctic biennale ideologist and commissar.

The Florarium located in the hall of the Nature Center is another experimental object of the park. It features 30 species of various plants. Overall approximately 500 exemplars were planted. Aeroponic units in the orangery are the same as those used with space programs and selective practices. Aeroponics let us grow plants without soil, the systems installed let us control the humidity, air temperature and the lightening regime for the plants.

The scientific-educational Nature Center is located next to the Florarium. This is where a number of science tests, research projects, interactive quests, lections, seminars and conferences are being held. There are four classrooms, a laboratory and a conference hall in the scientific-educational center. The most contemporary equipment has been installed into the laboratory: climate control systems for growing plants in artificial conditions, thermostats, microbiology incubators, centrifuges, genetic analysis equipment and much more. Analogues of this equipment are used in contemporary scientific centers and laboratories.

Over 50 educational programs in the Nature Center focusing on biotechnology, microbiology, genetics, medicine, ecology and geography are oriented at the schoolchildren acquiring additional knowledge in the natural sciences sphere. The lessons will make children and teenagers look at the learning process in a complex way: go to seminars and lectures, solve theoretic problems and conduct practical research and tests.

On the park’s territory there are cultural heritage objects. You can spot them from the top of the Nature Center.

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One of the main attraction spots in Zaryadye in the viewing point above the river – the River Outlook. It is a complex construction that unites the park with the river. The concrete console of the bridge has a length of 70m. The console is not supported in any way and hangs 15 meters above the lower embankment and the Moskva River. Common length of the bridge is 244,4 meters. From here you can take in the panoramic views on the Kremlin, the embankment of the Moskva River and the park itself. The River Outlook will become one of the favorite spots for Muscovites and the guests of the capital with its picturesque views on the historic center of Moscow.

Under the River Outlook the embankment of the Moskva River is located. This is where you will find relaxation zones by the water, cafes, a souvenir shop and sightseeing boats station.

To the right there is an underground crossing which leads right to the park’s territory. In that crossing the Underground Museum – a unique archeological museum with the artifacts found on the territory of Kitay-gorod and Zaryadye – is located. The exposition is built around the real fragment of the Kitaygorodskaya wall of the XVI century and will acquaint you with the history of the wall, its structure, the formation of the Zaryadye region structure.

The use of contemporary multimedia and interactive technology bring the ancient maps and plans to life. Velikaya Street – the main street of Zaryadye that started near the Kremlin walls and led to the embankment will be reconstructed in the museum. The visitors will be able to see a 3D model of a birch mark manuscript which was found in Zaryadye in 2015 by the Russian Academy of Sciences experts. In the history of archeological excavations only three marks like this were found. This is the forth one.

In the windows of the museum the objects found on the territory of Zaryadye during the archeological excavations from 1950 to 2016 are demonstrated. There are weapons, equestrian gear and much more.

The Glass Crust is a unique 8 700 square meters construction. The artificial hill underneath it is an element of the park’s landscape that hides the Concert Hall. It was created by Russian builders according the concept provided by the British BuroHappold. The Glass Crust creates its own microclimate thanks to which the temperature on the top of the hill is higher than outside.

The Large Amphitheatre located partly underneath the Glass Crust and partly uncovered will become a spot where various events will be hosted – festivals, concerts and other performances. It is one of the largest stages in the city with a seating capacity of 1 600 people. From here – one of the highest points in the park – you can enjoy the most beautiful views of the Kremlin, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and the park’s territory. Right next to it the Small Amphitheatre with the seating capacity of 400 people is situated.

The Concert Hall is a multifunctional world class musical platform with a unique acoustic system. Its area is 25 450 square meters. Two stages of the hall that accommodate 1 560 and 400 spectators and a transformable parterre lets us realize the most ambitious creative projects. The acoustic tests were conducted under the supervision of Yasuhisa Toyota, the president of “Nagata Acoustics”, the company which worked on Walt Disney’s concert hall in Los Angeles and Richard Fisher’s arts center in New York.

To the left of the River Outlook you will spot the Zaryadye Gastronomic center  – the culinary spot of the park. It’s a contemporary food court where eight gourmet-stations cook using remade recipes from various regions of Russia. Every station is a gastronomic island with its own theme. Above every station you will see a name of a region from which its cuisine comes from. Overall there are 374 towns and regions written around the café. The concept implies the use of domestic products from various corners of our country – from the Far East to Crimea.

A little to the South the Voskhod restaurant is located. The key theme of the restaurant interior is the exploring of space. This is why the design is bright, bold and futuristic. The interior was created by the Sundukovs sisters, whose studio has been repeatedly receiving international Restaurant & Bar Design Awards. The cuisine is represented by the dishes from former USSR republics.

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The park in numbers

Area – 10,2 hectares
Number of landscape zones – 4 (forest, steppe, meadow, northern landscapes)
Trees planted – 760, shrubs – 7000, perennials – 860 000, annuals – 150 000
Length of paths – 8 km, including heated – 1800 m
Expected attendance – from 10 million people a year


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